Land Uses

Image2a_Queue (Landscape)

Assessment criteria vary depending on land use.

1. Child Care Centres
Morning and evening parent drop-off and pick-up, with a parking demand typically between 0.22 and 0.25 space per child. Traffic generation is based on an average stay of 6-8 minutes per child and a short-term parking area that facilities efficient on-site maneuverability without inbound queue impacting on the frontage road.  In addition, there is consideration of staff arrivals  and staff departures at the start and end of trading hours.  All staff parking demand must be accommodated on-site.

2. Cafe / Restaurants
Cafes and restaurants are generally located on premises that have an as of right shop use, with minimal on-site car parking provision (typically 2 spaces at the rear).  During peak lunch and/or dinner hours, short-fall of customer parking will need to be accommodated in the surrounding streets or nearby public car parks.  The extent of allowable short-fall will depend on demand from adjacent businesses.

3.  Fitness Centres / Gymnasiums
Fitness centres and gymnasiums are often located on the upper level or the rear of commercial premises.  Such uses do not require an active street front (unlike shops or restaurants) as membership is derived through advertisement.  Car parking demand and traffic generation are highest outside of business hours, with peak demand occurring between 6am and 8am, and after 4pm.

4.  Townhouse and Apartment Developments
Main issues are vehicle access (to ensure minimal impacts on traffic, particularly if the site is located on a busy road), site servicing (will the refuse collection occur on the street or require a small truck to access the site), car park layout (maneuvering provisions into and out of each parking space) and internal access ways (turning circle at changes of direction, ramp grades and the the use of appropriate grade transitions, vertical clearance to overhead obstructions and driveway width).

5.  Industrial Units and Warehouses
Warehouses need to cater for 12.5m heavy rigid trucks at a minimum, and provide the required car parking for staff and visitors.  Every warehouse has a reception / office component which is an ancillary use.   Warehouse units are popular candidates for change of use – to fitness centres / gymnasiums, indoor recreational centres (e.g. indoor trampoline cebtres and children’s play centres),  and places of worship.

6.  Medical Centres
Traffic generation of medical centres is related to the number of patients seen in an hour, which is high for general practitioners and low for specialists and allied health practitioners.  Parking demand is dependent on the number of practitioners on site at any given time, and considers patients awaiting treatment, patients being treated and patients who are leaving the centre, in addition to staff.

7.  Places of Worship
Peak patronage generally occurs outside of normal business hours (except for mosques where Friday lunch prayers attract the most number of people on a regular basis).  Assessment considers traffic conditions during peak congregation arrival and departure times.  If the site is self contained (i.e. the on-site car parking area is not shared with other uses), access conditions from the frontage road will need to incorporate turning provisions.


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